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Emmanual Kant

Critique of Pure Reason

translated by Meiklejohn

Contents (single-level)

two-level contents

PRELIMINARIES
PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION
PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION, 1787
INTRODUCTION
I. Of the difference between Pure and Empirical Knowledge
II. The Human Intellect, even in an Unphilosophical State, is in Possession of Certain Cognitions a priori.
III. Philosophy stands in need of a Science which shall Determine the Possibility, Principles, and Extent of Human Knowledge a priori
IV. Of the Difference Between Analytical and Synthetical Judgements.
V. In all Theoretical Sciences of Reason, Synthetical Judgements a priori are contained as Principles.
VI. The Universal Problem of Pure Reason
VII. Idea and Division of a Particular Science, under the Name of a Critique of Pure Reason
I. TRANSCENDENTAL DOCTRINE OF ELEMENTS
FIRST PART. TRANSCENDENTAL AESTHETIC
INTRODUCTION
SECTION I. Of Space
SS 2. Metaphysical Exposition of this Conception
SS 3. Transcendental Exposition of the Conception of Space
SS 4. Conclusions from the foregoing Conceptions
SECTION II. Time
SS 5 Metaphysical Exposition of this Conception
SS 6 Transcendental Exposition of the Conception of Time
SS 7 Conclusions from the above Conceptions
SS 8 Elucidation
SS 9 General Remarks on Transcendental Aesthetic
SS 10 Conclusion of the Transcendental Aesthetic
SECOND PART. TRANSCENDENTAL LOGIC
INTRODUCTION. Idea of a Transcendental Logic
I. Of Logic in General.
II. Of Transcendental Logic
III. Of the Division of General Logic into Analytic and Dialectic
IV. Of the Division of Transcendental Logic into Transcendental Analytic and Dialectic.
FIRST DIVISION. TRANSCENDENTAL ANALYTIC.
INTRODUCTION
BOOK I Analytic of Conceptions.
CHAPTER I. Of the Transcendental Clue to the Discovery of all Pure Conceptions of the Understanding.
Introductory. SS 3
SECTION 1. Of defined above Use of understanding in General. SS 4
SECTION II. Of the Logical Function of the Understanding in Judgements. SS 5
SECTION III. Of the Pure Conceptions of the Understanding, or Categories. SS 6
SS 7
SS 8
CHAPTER II Of the Deduction of the Pure Conceptions of the Understanding
SECTION I Of the Principles of a Transcendental Deduction in general. SS 9
Transition to the Transcendental Deduction of the Categories. SS 10
SECTION II Transcendental Deduction of the pure Conceptions of the Understanding. SS 11
Of the Possibility of a Conjunction of the manifold representations given by Sense
Of the Originally Synthetical Unity of Apperception. SS 12
The Principle of the Synthetical! Unity of Apperception is the highest Principle of all exercise of the Understanding. SS 13
What Objective Unity of Self-consciousness is. SS 14
The Logical Form of all Judgements consists in the Objective Unity of Apperception of the Conceptions contained therein. SS 15
All Sensuous Intuitions are subject to the Categories, as Conditions under which alone the manifold Content of them can be united in one Consciousness. SS 16
Observation. SS 17
In Cognition, its Application to Objects of Experience is the only legitimate use of the Category. SS 18
SS 19
Of the Application of the Categories to Objects of the Senses in general. SS 20
SS 21
Transcendental Deduction of the! universally possible employment in experience of the Pure Conceptions of the Understanding. SS 22
Result of this Deduction of the Conceptions of the Understanding. SS 23
Short view of the above Deduction.
BOOK II. Analytic of Principles
INTRODUCTION. Of the Transcendental Faculty of judgement in General.
TRANSCENDENTAL DOCTRINE OF THE FACULTY OF JUDGEMENT OR, ANALYTIC OF PRINCIPLES.
CHAPTER I. Of the Schematism of the Pure Conceptions of the Understanding.
CHAPTER II. System of all Principles of the Pure Understanding.
SECTION I. Of the Supreme Principle of all Analytical Judgements.
SECTION II. Of the Supreme Principle of all Synthetical Judgements.
SECTION III. Systematic Representation of all Synthetical Principles of the Pure Understanding.
1. AXIOMS OF INTUITION.
2. ANTICIPATIONS OF PERCEPTION.
3. ANALOGIES OF EXPERIENCE.
A. FIRST ANALOGY.
B. SECOND ANALOGY.
C. THIRD ANALOGY.
4. THE POSTULATES OF EMPIRICAL THOUGHT.
REFUTATION OF IDEALISM.
THEOREM
PROOF
GENERAL REMARK ON THE SYSTEM OF PRINCIPLES.
CHAPTER III Of the Ground of the Division of all Objects into Phenomena and Noumena.!
APPENDIX Of the Equivocal Nature or Amphiboly of the Conceptions of Reflection from the Confusion of the Transcendental with the Empirical use of the Understanding
REMARK ON THE AMPHIBOLY OF THE CONCEPTIONS OF REFLECTION.
SECOND DIVISION. TRANSCENDENTAL DIALECTIC.
INTRODUCTION.
I. Of Transcendental Illusory Appearance.
II. Of Pure Reason as the Seat of Transcendental Illusory Appearance
A. OF REASON IN GENERAL
B. OF THE LOGICAL USE OF REASON
C. OF THE PURE USE OF REASON
BOOK I OF THE CONCEPTIONS OF PURE REASON
SECTION I - Of Ideas in General
SECTION II. Of Transcendental Ideas.
SECTION III. System of Transcendental Ideas
BOOK II. OF THE DIALECTICAL PROCEDURE OF PURE REASON.
CHAPTER I. Of the Paralogisms of Pure Reason
Refutation of the Argument of Mendelssohn for the Substantiality or Permanence of the Soul
Conclusion of the Solution of the Psychological Paralogism
GENERAL REMARK On the Transition from Rational Psychology to Cosmology
CHAPTER II. The Antinomy of Pure Reason
SECTION I. System of Cosmological Ideas
SECTION II. Antithetic of Pure Reason
FIRST CONFLICT OF THE TRANSCENDENTAL IDEAS
THESIS
PROOF
ANTITHESIS
PROOF
OBSERVATIONS ON THE FIRST ANTINOMY
ON THE THESIS
ON THE ANTITHESIS
SECOND CONFLICT OF TRANSCENDENTAL IDEAS
THESIS
PROOF
ANTITHESIS
PROOF
OBSERVATIONS ON THE SECOND ANTINOMY
THESIS
ANTITHESIS
THIRD CONFLICT OF THE TRANSCENDENTAL IDEAS
THESIS
PROOF
ANTITHESIS
PROOF
OBSERVATIONS ON THE THIRD ANTINOMY
ON THE THESIS
ON THE ANTITHESIS
FOURTH CONFLICT OF THE TRANSCENDENTAL IDEAS
THESIS
PROOF
ANTITHESIS
PROOF
OBSERVATIONS ON THE FOURTH ANTINOMY
ON THE THESIS
ON THE ANTITHESIS
SECTION III. Of the Interest of Reason in these Self-contradictions
SECTION IV. Of the necessity imposed upon Pure Reason of presenting a Solution of its Transcendental Problems
SECTION V. Sceptical Exposition of the Cosmological Problems presented in the four Transcendental Ideas.
SECTION VI. Transcendental Idealism as the Key to the Solution of Pure Cosmological Dialectic
SECTION VII. Critical Solution of the Cosmological Problem
SECTION VIII. Regulative Principle of Pure Reason in relation to the Cosmological Ideas
SECTION IX. Of the Empirical Use of the Regulative Principle of Reason with regard to the Cosmological Ideas
I. Solution of the Cosmological Idea of the Totality of the Composition of Phenomena in the Universe.
II. Solution of the Cosmological Idea of the Totality of the Division of a Whole given in Intuition
Concluding Remark on the Solution of the Transcendental Mathematical Ideas- and Introductory to the Solution of the Dynamical Ideas
III. Solution of the Cosmological Idea of the Totality of the Deduction of Cosmical Events from their Causes
Possibility of Freedom in Harmony with the Universal Law of Natural Necessity
Exposition of the Cosmological Idea of Freedom in Harmony with the Universal Law of Natural Necessity
IV. Solution of the Cosmological Idea of the Totality of the Dependence of Phenomenal Existences
Concluding Remarks on the Antinomy of Pure Reason
CHAPTER III. The Ideal of Pure Reason
SECTION I. Of the Ideal in General
SECTION II. Of the Transcendental Ideal (Prototypon Trancendentale)
SECTION III. Of the Arguments employed by Speculative Reason in Proof of the Existence of a Supreme Being
SECTION IV. Of the Impossibility of an Ontological Proof of the Existence of God
SECTION V. Of the Impossibility of a Cosmological Proof of the Existence of God
Detection and Explanation of the Dialectical Illusion in all Transcendental Arguments for the Existence of a Necessary Being
SECTION VI. Of the Impossibility of a Physico-Theological Proof
SECTION VII. Critique of all Theology based upon Speculative Principles of Reason
APPENDIX Of the Regulative Employment of the Ideas of Pure Reason
Of the Ultimate End of the Natural Dialectic of Human Reason
II. TRANSCENDENTAL DOCTRINE OF METHOD
CHAPTER I. The Discipline of Pure Reason.
SECTION I. The Discipline of Pure Reason in the Sphere of Dogmatism
SECTION II. The Discipline of Pure Reason in Polemics
Scepticism not a Permanent State for Human Reason
SECTION III. The Discipline of Pure Reason in Hypothesis
SECTION IV. The Discipline of Pure Reason in Relation to Proofs
CHAPTER II. The Canon of Pure Reason
SECTION I. Of the Ultimate End of the Pure Use of Reason
SECTION II. Of the Ideal of the Summum Bonum as a Determining Ground of the Ultimate End of Pure Reason
SECTION III. Of Opinion, Knowledge, and Belief
CHAPTER III. The Architectonic of Pure Reason.
CHAPTER IV. The History of Pure Reason


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first edition 1994/12/23 last modified 1999/8/29